What is a Root Canal Procedure?

Root Canal

The center area inside a tooth is called the pulp chamber or more commonly, the “nerve.” This area runs from the apex of the tooth all the way up to the root. This is where the term “root canal” is derived. Teeth may have more than one canal inside each tooth depending upon whether it is a cuspid, bicuspid, incisor, molar or premolar. A root canal procedure is needed whenever there is any sort of trauma to the nerve. This is most like a result of decay or damage, such as a chipped or broken tooth to the point where the nerve is exposed.

At genesisdental.net, a root canal is considered a last resort procedure due to the extensive work it entails. Before carrying out such a procedure a dentist will assess whether it is needed. Periapical x-rays are taken so that the doctor can examine the entire tooth. If it is determined that a root canal is needed an appointment is made to perform the procedure. This may be completed in one day or over the course of several days. Antibiotics are often prescribed to treat the tooth beforehand. When the procedure begins, the dentist dams the tooth off with a little latex shield. This is to keep the tooth dry and free from saliva, which may carry its own bacteria. Next, a hole is drilled into the pulp chamber. This allows the dentist access so that the nerve can be removed from the tooth. Small files are used to clear away any decay and tissue that may be infected. If the length of the root of the tooth is visible the nerve can be extracted without needing another x-ray. If it is not visible then more x-rays are needed. The extraction must remove all of the nerve, from the top of the root, all the way to the tip of the tooth. It is important that the entire nerve be removed for fear of the risk of re-infection. The staff at genesisdental.net takes the greatest care to make sure that patients are fully taken care of and satisfied with the outcome of their procedures.

After the nerve has been removed and the entire cavity is cleaned, the dentist seals the tooth with a rubber filling material. The tooth is completely cleaned and filling, or crown, is placed on the tooth to prevent it from cracking. This filling can either be temporary or permanent, depending upon what sort of dentist performs the root canal. Endontists specialize in root canals and often return the patient to their regular dentist for permanent crowning. Once this has been completed the root canal procedure is over.